Portfolio Language Awareness

The difference in (using) language between men and women



We conducted research in the differences of using language between men and women. We'll discuss certain aspects, regarding language differences between the sexes. We chose this subject to investigate, because we thought it would be interesting to take a look at the differences, so that we can explain what the differences are. We may also apply our findings in the classroom. We will teach both girls and boys in class. We think it's very useful to know how their language skills are developed, so we can vary in our approach on them. Our small research is organized in this way:


What are the differences in (using) language between men and women?


1. Differences in brain structure

1.1. Which areas are better developed in men's brains?

1.2 Which areas are better developed in women's brains?

1.3 Consequences for their standing in society.


2. How both men and women use language

2.1 For what purposes and how do men use language?

2.2 For what purposes and how do women use language?  


3. Miscommunication between the sexes 

4. Our conclusion on this subject


                                 1.  Difference in brain structure


Before we take a look at the differences in brain structure between men and women, we must bear in mind that not every woman or man has his brain organized like this. There are many exceptions. There are men who are better in typical women things, and women who are good in typical men things. However, research on a large scale has find out that there is an overall pattern.



1.1. Which areas are better developed in men's brains?

Generally, the left hemisphere of men is better developed than the left hemisphere off women's brains. In the left hemisphere, make men use a more tasked-based approach on finding solutions for problems.  


The Inferior Parietal-Lobule (IPL) is situated just above the ear. This section of the brain is better developed in the brains of men opposite the brains of women. This section is accounted for mathematical tasks. The left side of this particular area is bigger compared to the women one's. In this left area time and speed is calculated. It was discovered that top-scientist Einstein had a very huge left-Intferior Parietal-Lobule. In the overall area, relations between senses and parts of the body are also controlled by this area. This makes men overall better in sports than women. A funny fact is that I hear a lot of people say that women tend to be better in multitasking. Due to the left part of the IPL being bigger, men are better in sensing multiple things, than women. Thus, cancelling this "myth".


Men also produce different kind of hormones when in a stressful situation. They perform a more frequent fight and run reaction when they are in stressful situations. When Men are in stressable situations the hypofyse, a small hormon production organ in the brains, produces a high amount of this hormone. As a result, Men tend to fight very quick when in a stressful situation.


Men also differ in the way they are likely to have disorders. Men are less frequent linguistic-skilled users ( which is represented in their brain) Compared to women, dyslexia occur far more frequent by Men. In fact, the only people who I know who have dyslexia, are men. 


1.2: Which areas are better developed in the brains of women?


Women have both hemispheres of the brain equally developed. However, when you compare the right hemisphere of women's with men's, you can see that women's right hemisphere are bigger. The right hemisphere is more geared towards communication and language-use. Thus, women are generally better in finding solutions via creative and social manners and using language.


Their Inferior Parietal Frontal-lube isn't as well-developed as men's are. Consequently, women are less proficient in mathematics and calculations than men. However, their right area of the IPL is bigger than men's. The afore-mentioned benefit of having a bigger right part is that women are better in concentrating on a single subject. That's the reason why most of the men complain about women can't falling into sleep because they are most of the time concentrating on noises outside the house.


When women are in stressful situations, they don't have a big tendency to fight their way out. Women take a more civilized approach by trying to befriend their opponents or to they nurture or care their beloved ones. This is due to women producing a lot of estrogens. This hormone has the opposite affect compared to the hormones which are produced in the hypofyse in men's brains. Whereas the hormone produced by men during stress, make the man more likely to fight, the women's hormone causes the woman to calm down.


1.3 What are the consequences for their standing in society?

 These differences in brain structure do matter in what kind of jobs men and women tend to do. Of course, just as I previously mentioned, there are women who do work which is most of the times typically attached to men, and visa versa.

Men are more suitable for jobs which make use of their left hemisphere. Whereas women succeed in jobs where verbal skills are applied and where communication is a key word to achieve success. They are also better in work were empathy is used. Like psychiatrists and nurses. Most men have jobs where analytic and mathematic skills are involved. ( i.e.: bankers, scientists, accountants ) 

This have also effects on what both men and women do in their spare-time. Men like to do things which involve their left hemisphere, like playing football or other types of sports which involve strategic planning. Women like to do things which involve more literally skills, like reading a book or watching a movie.








                        2.  How both men and women use language

2.1 For what purposes and how do men use language?

Men feel generally more comfortable using language in public situations. Most of the time men use language to enhance their social status by trying to put the best arguments on the table. Research proves that two-third of the talking time is dominated by men. Thus, men use language most of the time to enhance their social status. How men use language can be defined as Report talk.

Talk is primarily a means to reserve independence and negotiate and maintaining status in a social order or enhance their status. This is done by, for example, exhibiting skill and knowledge and through doing performances such as storytelling or joking. From childhood, most men learn to use language as a way to get and keep people's attention, so they are more comfortable speaking in a large group made up of people they don't know less well or in other words: "public speaking". Men communicate overall to report facts.

 Men make very little use of variety in talk. they use an estimated 12,000 words in a day. They speak in phrases with little or no detail, because they want communication to be short and quick. When men speak it's mostly to know information and to interpret information in order to form an opinion on it. They want to know the ''bottom line". When an opinion is formed, they can compete with other people in order to raise their status.




2.2. For what purposes and how use women language?

Women feel generally more comfortable when using language in more private or face-to-face conversations. In contrast to raising their social status, women use language most of the time to support or to establish social contacts with each other. They also don't dominate talking time, as they are most of the time silent when men are speaking in public. How women use language can be defined as rapport talk.


For most women, their language of conversations is mostly a language of rapport: a way of establishing connections and maintaining relationships. They feel their closest connections at home or in settings where they feel at home (with one or a few people they feel close to) or in others words: the use of language in private situations.  Women are more empathically based, and most of the time features of this way of conversing is called feminine talk. They use language to support other people where possible. So women talk to facilitate and to support.


women put more variety in their speech as they speak about 25,000 words in a day. They speak in highly creative sentences. Communication has to be deep and rich, because women want to know all the details. They built up a so-called rapport of a person, which they can interpret to help or support the other person.



                          3. Miscommunication between the sexes

3.1 What kind of minsunderstanding happen between both sexes?

Miscommunication between men and women during a conversation is very common. The main reason for that is that they misinterpret each other´s language use and this is because of the fact that men have difficulties with understanding emotions from a women. This causes problems in conversations between men and women, because women mostly feel misunderstood. An example will make this more clear. It has been proved that there are nine words women use that are mostly misinterpret by men, because men think what they say is also really what they mean, but this is not the case. In the men's case they often say what they really mean, so if a men says "fine" he really means he's fine, but with women this is more complicated. Examples:


1. Fine: Mostly if a women says "fine" in ending an argument this means that she's right and the man needs to shut up.
2. Go ahead: Mostly this is not a permission, but a dare. Don't do it!
3. A Loud Sigh: This is a non-verbal statement that is often misunderstood by men. This means she think you're a fool and wonders why she's wasting her time with the man.
4. That's okay: This is one of the most dangerous statements a women can make. This means she wants to think long before deciding and when you will pay for your mistake.
5. Five minutes: If a women is getting dressed and she says "five minutes", this means mostly about an half hour.
6. Thanks a lot: If a women says this, it's pure sarcasm and she's not thanking a man at all.
7. Whatever: This is a way of a woman to say "screw you"
8. Don't worry about it: This means that a woman has told a man to do something several times and now she's doing it herself. A man won't understand why she could be angry on him and he will later ask "What's wrong" and this will result in number 3: "A loud sigh".
9. Nothing: This is the calm before the storm.


                             4. Conclusion on this subject

We can conclude that both men and women use language very differently. Of course not every women or men are the same, but overally the pattern is very clear. Men mostly use language to enhance their status, and try to earn a place in a hierarchy. They like to speak in public, because there is a chance to rise or enhance their status. When men use language, they speak in very short sentences, because they want to give or receive information very quickely.

However, women, are totally opposite to men. They use language as a means to establish relationships and to support each other. They want to know every little detail in a conversation. They build a rapport of someone and with that rapport, they want to try to aid the other person. They like to talk in private discussions where they are comfortable in. They use long sentences, which contain a lot of words.


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